Category Archives: Papers

Language Structure Is Partly Determined by Social Structure

Lupyan & Dale (2010) Language Structure Is Partly Determined by Social Structure The authors study demographic factors including population size, area spoken, and linguistic contact for over 2000 languages included in WALS.  They conclude that all factors are negatively correlated with morphological complexity measured across a variety of features (type, case, verb morphology, agreement, evidentials/possibility, negation/plurality, tense, aspect, […]

Basic Objects in Natural Categories

Basic Objects in Natural Categories – Rosch et al 1976 Experiment 9: Children sorted pictures that were taxonomically related or grouped by superordinate sets. Basic: 4 shoes, 4 chairs, 4 men’s faces, 4 cars Superordinate: sock, shirt, pants, table, chair car etc. Subject more likely to sort by taxonomy in basic condition especially at ages K and […]

Knowing versus naming: Similarity and the linguistic categorization of artifacts

Knowing versus naming: Similarity and the linguistic categorization of artifacts – Malt et al 1999 How associated are similarity and linguistic categorization? Previous work suggest some parallels but also some disassociations. Previous work found that we judge similarity by perceptual features but name categories using more functional features (Rips 1989) Chaining(Lakoff 1987): Similarity between a named […]